We cover different fish species. Read about different varieties of fishes that exist in this world. Everything that you wanted to know about different fish species is given here. From saltwater fishes to ray fins to sharks, all types of fish species are covered.

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27 April, 2008

Shovelnose Shark

Shovelnose Shark/ Bull Shark

Scientific Classification:
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Carcharhiniformes,
Family: Carcharhinidae
Binomial Name: Rhinobatos productus

General Information:
The Shovelnose Shark is a requiem shark that is also known as the Bull Shark, the bay shark, the lazy-gray, and the black whaler. It is charcoal colored on top and white with copper-colored markings below. It has a faint pale stripe along its sides. The female Shovelnose Sharks are slightly larger than males. It lives at all levels of the ocean and from the shoreline to out at sea. It is found in warm temperate and tropical waters worldwide.

The Shovelnose Shark migrates to cooler waters during warm weather, probably for reproduction and feeding. This shark is often seen following ships and is hunted as a game fish. Overfishing is diminishing the numbers of this shark. Females are mature when they are 9 ft long and have litters of about 10 pups which are roughly 3 ft \ long each. There is a 16 month gestation period.

The Shovelnose Shark which grows to a length of about 1.7 metres, ranges from the intertidal down to a depth of 43 feet and is commonly encountered by divers from central California to the Sea of Cortez. The Shovelnose Shark have pavement-like teeth that can result in a thorough 'gumming' of anything larger than their normal prey of worms, clams, crabs, and small fishes.

The broad disc of Shovelnose Shark (Bull Shark) is greater in length than width, have a relatively smooth dorsal surface except for a single row of thorns around the eyes and extending along the back and tail. A snout is long, pointed with rounded tip. Teeths are small, rounded, and pebble-like. A first dorsal fin originates closer to the pelvic fin base than to the caudal fin origin and has a thick tail and a moderately large caudal fin without a distinct lower lobe.

Shovelnose Sharks mating takes place between April and May, resulting in as many as 28, 6-inch pups.

Maximum Size: The Shovelnose Shark grows upto a maximum of 7 ft in length.


General size: The Shovelnose Shark fish generally comes in 3 to 4 ft in length.

Habitat:
The Shovelnose Shark is found close to shore and can live for a while in fresh water, frequenting estuaries, rivers and lakes. It has been found up to 1,750 miles (2800 km) up the Mississippi River in the USA and 2,500 miles (4000 km) up the Amazon River in Peru. It has been found in Lake Nicaragua (Central America) and the Zambezi River

Diet and Feeding:
The Shovelnose Shark (Bull Shark) eats other fishes (including other sharks and rays), turtles, birds, mollusks, crustaceans, and dolphins. It will eat almost anything.

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